COVID Pandemic: The Welfare State, and Informality in India’s Manufacturing Sector: A Perspective

  • Bir Singh Delhi College of Arts & Commerce
Keywords: COVID Pandemic, Market Economy, Informal worker, Welfare State, Economic Development


This paper attempts to highlight  the need for extending formality in India’s manufacturing sector to protect workers against any COVID like pandemic.The source of informality in India’s labour market lies in the low education and skill level in the labour force. The major databases,notably NSSO and ASI,on Indian industrial  sector underlines this aspect. Among other factors, informal employment in India’s manufacturing  sector increased vulnerability of workers during the COVID pandemic.In addition,absence of welfare state policies further added to their sufferings.  The policy silence of the union government over suspension of labour laws in select states during  the pandemic  was further  endorsement of informalisation of employment.While  such policy interventions do not provide any hope to the informal workers,they exposed banality of the market economy policies for welfare of the workers. We argue that unless the government revives welfare state and boosts formality,India may take very long time to spur inclusive  growth and resume the process of sustainable economic development.


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How to Cite
Singh, B. (2021). COVID Pandemic: The Welfare State, and Informality in India’s Manufacturing Sector: A Perspective. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, BUSINESS AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR, 2(4), 1-9. Retrieved from
Original Research Article